Xieshanding, namely the Xieshan-style Roof, and in Song Dynasty, it was called Ning-Ridge Hall, Cao Hall or others, and in Qing Dynasty was called Ning-Ridge Roof. Xieshanding is one of Chinese traditional architectural roofs, and in level, it is inferior to Wudianding. Xieshanding slao has two kinds: Single-Eave Xieshangding and Double-Eave Xieshanding. The world-famous representative of Double-Eave Xieshanding is Tiananmen (Gate of Heavenly Peace)
In ancient China, the styles of the architectural roofs had a rigid rank in status. Double-Eave Xieshanding is superior to Single-Eave Wudianding but inferior to Double-Eave Wudianding, and Single-Eave Xieshanding is inferior to Single-Eave Wushanding, but it was exclusively used by high-level officials, and later on it was also used by the common people. Currently the earliest architecture with Xieshanding style is the Hall of Nanchan Temple in Tang Dynasty on Wutaishan Mountain.

In the time of Song and Yuan Dynasties, Xieshanding was largely popular, and some single-eave wudianding architecture was changed to be double-eave xieshanding style. In Ming Dynasty, double-eave xieshanding was further widely used in architecture.Changed from the basic form of the Xieshanding style, Four-side Xieshanding appeared. The turret of Forbidden City is the typical representative.
XieshandingTiananmenTurret of Forbidden City

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