Since Yuan Dynasty, Hutong as a name of a kind of building was used in people’s oral language, while it as the sign written on the board began from the time of the Republic of China。The appearance and development of Hutong give us today a lot of traces of historical change and reflect the change of the social custom.
Dongjiaominxiang( in Chinese, 东交民巷) famous for the historic event
In 1900, the aggressors of eight-country united troops entered Beijing and stationed on this street. Afterwards, some countries successively established embassies, barracks and police stations here. Dongjiaomingxiao since then became famous. During the time of invasion of eight-country united troops, the aggressors robbed the citizens and burnt the architecture and personal properties for three days. In 1900, the boxers(Yihetuan, in pinyin and义和团 in Chinese, who was a non-governmental military organization, a rebellion of 1900 by the Chinese nationalist Boxer society against western influence. European and US legations in Beijing (Peking) were besieged and many missionaries and Europeans were killed. An international punitive force was dispatched and Beijing was captured on 14 August 1900. In September 1901 China agreed to pay reparations.
) took the fight here against the aggressors.
Menkuang Hutong ( in Chinese, 门框胡同) famous for local snacks
Menkuang Hutong, located at Qianmenwai of old Beijing, was a famous local snack street, although it was less than 100 meters long and 3 meters wide, it used to be the eating center of old Beijing people. Rice cake (Niangao, 年糕) stuffed with sweetened bean paste, sheep-head meat(羊头肉), spiced beef(酱牛肉), Dalian huoshao(褡裢火烧, Huoshao, roughly is steamed bun), Chaohuoshao(炒火烧)and so on.
Bada Hutong (in Chinese,八大胡同) famous for its carnalism and illegal merrymaking.
Badahutong, located at the west side of Kwan-yin Temple of Qianmenwai. Bada (literally means Eight Large, but it doesn’t mean eight but mean many). Bada Hutong used to be the center of the oldest profession or some folk performances of Beijing. Publicly-accepted eight Hutongs were Baishu Hutong, Yanzhi Hutong, Hanjia Hutong, Shaanxi Xiang, Shitou Hutong, Zongshu Xiejie, Zhujia Hutong and Lishamao Hutong. Bada Hutong was not a formal and legal name.
Baihuashenchu Hutong (in Chinese, 百花深处胡同) famous for a song
Actually, this song is One Night in Beijing. Baihuashenchu, frankly is a place closely connecting with a story as follows: in Ming dynasty, a young couple with family name Zhang bought roughly 20 mu farmland in south area of Xinjiekou of Beijing. And this farmland was used for vegetable planting. Several years later, this couple planted peony, lotus, chrysanthemum and plum in four seasons. It was very beautiful that many literators came here to enjoy its beauty; latterly it was publicly called Baihuashenchu.
Xiaoyangjuan Hutong (In Chinese, 小羊圈胡同) famous for a noted novel
Xiaoyangjuan Hutong was the original place of story in novel Sishitongtang(in Chinese, 四世同堂, which was a famous novel majorly narrated a big family with four generations, and their life change and destiny change in some special historic period, especially in hard time when Beijing was under the inhuman control of Japanese invaders in World War Two) . Actually Xiaoyangjuan Hutong was also the birthplace of Lao She. Xiaoyangjuan Hutong today still keeps its original look.
Caishikou Hutong(In Chinese, 菜市口胡同) famous for the former residences of celebrity
So far, this hutong as we know is the only hutong for the most famous people’s living, and these famous people had a great influence to Chinese modern history. In total, there are more than 30 famous people living here such as Xu Weizheng serving as prime minister, Chen Yuanlong, Li Hongzhang, Zeng Guopan, Zuo Zongtang, Gong Zizheng, Cai Yuanpei and so on. Besides, Kang Youwei and Liang Qichao both also came here. Widely-accepted Heroine, Qiu Jing also once founded the women school here and empowered herself to be one teacher over here. But in 1998, for road broadening, Caishikou Hutong was effaced. Perhaps currently it could be found in the book and the elders’ memory.
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