On February 7, 1923 was a sad day for Chinese laborers. The workers on the Jinghan Railway (Beijing-Hankou Railway) were on strike but they had been brutally cracked down by the forces of the feudal warlords. This event marked the progress led by Chinese Communist Party that the common laborers were aware their rights and freedoms.

The Memorial Museum of the February Seventh Incident was found in February 1987. It clearly demonstrates the sufferings that gave pains to the Chinese people in early twentieth century. Labor workers especially to those worked to build railway tracks were often harassed, tortured and even killed by imperialists of foreign powers and local warlords. This humiliate history was mainly due to the fact that the Chinese nation at that time was so poor and the county's strength was very low. Chinese workers resisted bravely and fiercely, though. The years 1922 and 1923, the very first wave of labor strikes by Chinese workers happened, and the famous climax was the February Seventh Incident. Jinghan Railway laborers in Changxindian (长辛店) had already set up their own union in 1919. The wages at the time were fairly low that the workers' life had been so harsh. In summer of 1922, they went on strike to ask for higher salary. At last the yearly wage was added thirty-six Yuan for each worker.

The justified expansion of the labor unionist forces had triggered the anger of the wicked warlords, who arrested some of the labor leaders. In the early morning of February 7, 1923, more than 3,000 railway workers stormed the police station in Changxindian and shouted "returned our workers!" The forces of police and warlords opened fire to disperse the angry crowd. The crackdown actions were also done in some other places in northern China. It was estimated over 40 people died, injured more than 500 and 100 or more had been arrested. The labor leader and lawyer of union were martyred and executed respectively.

The Memorial Museum of the February Seventh Incident is in the park located west of Changxindian Railway Station, where about 1.5 kilometers distance from the famous Luguoqiao Bridge, Fengtai District, Beijing, China.

Admission : 2 RMB.
Opening hours : 8:00 – 11:00 and 13:30 - 16:30 daily.
Telephone : 010-63876355.

Transportation : bus route 309, or 339.
 

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