Peking University is the first-rank university in China. Peking University originally was named Jingshi Imperial University, or Jinshi Daxuetang. Peking University is the earliest and most famous university in China. To a great degree, it is the symbol of China’s modernization and renaissance. May-Fourth Movement and Cultural Movement were both successfully done under the leadership of Peking University. In Modern times, China suffered a lot from the invasion and civil wars, but China also luckily nurtured or brought up a large group of giant people in different fields. As the top authority of universities and academic institutions in China, many spiritual and social reformists, cultural and historical scholars, literature and art giants, political leaders and national backbones were all from this mind-nurturing center. In the aspect, Peking University leads China’s ideological liberation, cultural regeneration and social modernization. Today Peking University is highly highlighted or emphasized by central government and Beijing Municipal Government. It is always the most satisfying cultivation and education center in China. Today in China’s youth competition, Peking University is always their top aim for learning hard, and in the past, students who were successfully matriculated by Peking University, they would be highly respected to be the ”great man” and won the great honor to their family. Besides, the winner succeeded in admission into Beijing University would have a better and brighter future than those who failed in examination. Hence in China both of city and the rural area, parents or the grandparents are both emphasizing the importance of education, exactly the exam-oriented education. Their unprecedented hope for glorifying their family and winning more honor to their ancestry based on helping their later generations succeed in exam and enter a famous university to get the better advanced education. Peking University under such a social background naturally is widely welcomed and worshipped by the public, and admission into Peking University means success of life.
The History and Honor of Peking University
Originally named Jingshi Imperial University, Peking University was founded in 1898, and in 1912, it was formally titled Peking University. In 1917, Mr. Cai Yuanpei was appointed to be the president of Peking University, and then a series of reforms were done to promote its modernization from tradition. During the anti-Japanese war period, Peking University was moved to southwest area of China. In Kunming of Yunnan province, a new but temporary university comprised of Peking University, Qinghua University and Nankai University named Southwest United University was founded. In 1946, this temporary university disbanded, and Peking University moved back to Beijing. During the time before 1949, many famous persons became the backbones from Peking University such as Hu Shi, Chen Duxiu, Cai Yuanpei, Yu Pingbo, Feng Younan and so on. In 1951, Ma Yingchu was assigned to be the first president of Peking University after the foundation of People’s Republic of China. By the way, the department of Chinese Literature is the most authoritative one in Peking University and the school library in the largest one in Asia.
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