The National Museum of China is situated on the southern section of East Changan Street which is located at the east of the Tiananmen Square in Beijing's city center. The façade's overall layout is symmetrical to the Great Hall of the People. The National Museum of China has been built based on the original foundations of the History Museum of China and the Revolutionary Museum of China, thus the new museum is a comprehensive one that systematically exhibits the long history of Chinese's traditional culture. The two former museums have been combined into an integrated one, but these are categorized differently by a division of a central hall, the north of which is the Revolutionary Museum while the south is the History Museum. The new museum was officially established on February 28, 2003. 

The National Museum of ChinaHistory

The architecture was completed at the same time with the Great Hall of the People in 1959, which was the year to celebrate the tenth anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China.

The History Museum of China was founded in 1912. At that time, it was called "National History Museum Preparatory Committee". October 1, 1949 the founding day of the new China, the museum was renamed "National History Museum of Beijing" and it was eventually and formally christened as "History Museum of China". This museum is the biggest of its kind in China that finds, collects, researches and displays Chinese cultural heritage. It has a total exhibition area of about 8,000 square meters with over 9,000 items of historical relic pieces. "China General History Exhibition" is the basic display in the museum. It has two floors. The first level is to demonstrate the history from the primitive society to Southern and Northern Dynasties about 1,400 years ago. The second floor exhibits the period from the Sui Dynasty to the late Qing Dynasty. The audiences can view a gigantic and three-dimensional model of history of China is shown here. A large three-dimensional China map is being displayed in the preface hall, where also has the remake of the ancient meteorological apparatus – armillary sphere and other relic replicas. The hall shows from the oldest human history about 2.7 million years ago to the First Opium War in the year 1840. This exhibition is divided into three sections – Primitive Society, Slave Society and Feudal Society, with a lot of excavated relics, display graphs, replica models and word descriptions which will systematically reflect the development of ancient China and show the main key events, as well as prominent people and innovative creations in the past. Moreover, the History Museum of China often holds theme exhibitions concerning history, archeology and heritage.

The Revolutionary Museum of China was first called "National Revolutionary Museum Preparatory Committee" in March 1950. It used its present name in 1960. The Revolutionary Museum has a total exhibition area of 8,000 square meters and it shows the materials and documents since the outbreak of the First Opium War, as well as the history of modern Communist revolutionary development in China up till 1949. It has the biggest collection of revolutionary items in China today. This museum is also a venue for publicity of China's Socialist Revolution and its development history. 

The National Museum of ChinaThe National Museum of China

The National Museum of China is now belonged to China Ministry of Culture. A museum of history and art that collects, searches, studies and displays all the things about China. Its aim is to demonstrate to the general public the long history and profound culture of one of the Four Great Civilizations in the world by means of temporary exhibitions and international exchanges. The National Museum of China has always been endeavoring to put new nutrients for itself by taking seriously to history, archeology, theory of culture and museum science, as well as to deepen the history knowledge among the general public and promote the museum's development. It becomes a key place of high quality cultural enjoyment for local people in Beijing's city center.

The National Museum of China collects the invaluable heritage of China and modern archeological finding documents. It is also a research organization in history science and relevant academic subjects. The heritage protection team is in charge of the repair and preservation of ancient relics with state of the art professional facilities. The National Museum of China has a strong team in engaging archeological work in sorts like underwater excavation, farming field expedition and aerial photographic search.

Nowadays The National Museum of China has set up The Memorial Hall of New Culture Movement of Beijing, which is located at 29 Wusi Street in Dongcheng District (东城区五四大街29号). It is built in the old Red House of Beijing University. The Red House had been the great cradle of the famous students' May Fourth Movement in 1919.

Travel Tips

Address : 16 East Changan Street, Dongcheng District, Beijing, China (中国北京东城区东长安街16号).

Opening time : 8:30 - 16:30 Beijing Local Time daily, it will stop to sell admission ticket at half past three in the afternoon.

How to get there. Bus routes Nos. 1, 2, 4, 10, 20, 37, 52, 54, 120, 728, 802 and Special 1 (特1) that go to Tiananmen.

Nos. 2, 5, 7, 9, 17, 20, 22, 44, 48, 53, 54, 59, 66, 110, 120, 337, 703, 726, 729, 742, 744, 803, 808, 819, 821, 826, 848, 859, 922, 309 branch line (309支), 922 intervals (922区间), Bailibao(百利宝) No. 101, Special (特) Nos. 2, 4 and 7 as far as Qianmen (前门) Bus Stop.

Beijing Subway : You can alight at East Tiananmen Station by Line One, or at Qianmen Station by the Circular Line.

Car parking : Parking lots located at the north of The National Museum of China.
 
 

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