Qianlong GardenQianlong garden also named Ningshougong Garden was an established garden when Emperor Qianlong built Ningshougong(Palace of Tranquil Longevity). Qianlong garden is publicly agreed to be the essence of garden of palaces. It is located at the northwest area of Ningshougong of Beijing Forbidden City. The constructing time is 6 years. The garden has a length of 160 meters from south to north and 37 meters wide from east to west. It covers 5920 square meters with a delicate layout. The main buildings in garden are Guhuaxuan, Xuhui Pavilion, Yang Zhai, Suichu Hall, Zhuxiangguan, Cuishang Tower, Yanqu Tower and Biluo Pavilion and so on. Totally, there are more than 20 buildings in garden.

Generally Qianlong Garden is comprised of three parts

The first part is Guhua Pavilion, which was named after an old tree---Qiu Tree (Catalpa bungei). This tree has four-time regenerations from withering away. For appreciating this tree, Emperor Qianlong specially ordered to build this pavilion and wrote a pair of couplet: 明月清风无处藏, 长楸古柏是佳朋. Emperor Qianlong loved poems and writing poems. Wherever he went, he always liked wrote some poems or left his wall poems to the local, but his poem was not as excellent as his grandfather Emperor Kangxi’s. (Qianlong was a skillful and talented emperor among many ancient emperors and he was extremely respected his grandfather who was Emperor Kangxi, a rare respectable and successful emperor in ancient China. Emperor Qianlong set his grandfather as example everywhere. Emperor Kangxi’s poem and calligraphy were excellent, but Emperor Qianlong was not, although he left us many poems and calligraphic works).

The second part is a Sanheyuan , people can see through Guhua Pavilion. The main hall is named Suichutang Hall. At the age of 25, Emperor Qianlong was enthroned and acted as Emperor for 60 years when he was 85 years old. He died at the age of 89. He was only one Qianlong Gardenof some long-lived emperors in Chinese ancient history. So he also indulged himself into enjoyment, and he spent a lot of time in build this garden since he was 61. At that time, it is the peak time in his reign; he was still ambitious and named many good names for buildings in this garden. In this yard, there was a jade-carved miniascape, in the miniascape, there were three sheep walking on the mountain path. It is for the meaning of auspiciousness.

The third part is comprised of some old architecture such as Songxiu Pavilion, Yanqu Tower, Cuishang Tower and Fuwang Pavilion and so on. The most attractive one is the small pavilion on artificial hill. Five columns of the pavilion look like the cinquefoil. The ceiling and the sided balusters were all carved with shape of plum blossom. The tip of pavilion was also decorated with the shape of plum blossom. On the pavilion, there was also the inscription “碧螺” written by Emperor Qianlong. At one time, Emperor Kangxi southwardly visited Taihu Lake and drunk the wild tea presented as tribute by local official, and then Emperor Kangxi gave this tea an elegant name: Biluochu(碧螺春, Biluochun is one of the ten most famous teas in China. The technique for collecting the tea leaves is very complex with only the tender tips of the leaves used in the tea making process. The Biluochun tea involves a particularly labor intensive process but the end result are leaves that are compact, tender and wonderfully fresh and aromatic. When brewed, the tea is yellow-green in colour with a strong, fresh smell and taste.

This is a pre-Qingming festival tea, so it is picked earlier than normal and cheaper green teas. The result is a tea that is subtler and often excellently balanced, and also highly coveted by green tea lovers.). For showing his successive mission from Emperor Kangxi, he specially gave this name for in memory of his grandfather.

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